Who among you love cats? I will raise my hand to that question as I also love cats. Unfortunately, not all people have passion for cats. In fact, the Humane Society of the United States estimates that there are about 70 million cats roaming in the country. And these stray cats are often the carrier of dangerous feline diseases.
I mentioned this information in connection with keeping your cats healthy. Keeping your cat indoor is one way to help your cat avoid contracting some of the serious diseases that can possibly be spread by stray cats.
Feline Leukemia Virus
Feline leukemia is a disease that can be spread through urine, saliva or nose discharges. Indoor cats normally get this disease by sharing of foods or water bowls, living together or bites of infected cat. Mother cats can also pass this disease to their kittens. In some cats, symptoms immediately manifest themselves after contracting the virus, while in some cats, it could take several weeks. Contracting this virus could lead to several serious conditions including anemia, infertility, skin infection, bladder infection, respiratory tract infection and cancer.
There is no cure for feline leukemia but it can be prevented by restricting your cat indoors and avoiding exposure with other cats.
Although there is no cure for feline leukemia, the disease is easily preventable. You can help prevent feline leukemia by keeping cats indoors, restricting exposure to other cats, maintaining a clean living environment, and ensuring that your cat is vaccinated. According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, veterinarians rarely see cases of feline leukemia among vaccinated cat populations.
Among older cats, renal failure is a leading cause of death. Risk factors for this disease include genetics, age and environmental factors. Two types of renal failure affect cat. Acute renal failure is when the kidney automatically stops functioning, while in chronic renal failure, the deterioration of the kidney is progressive.
A number of symptoms are obvious when a cat suffers from renal failure. These include vomiting, excessive urination, nausea, increased thirst, a cracking or grinding sound in the jaw, constipation and dehydration.
A number of symptoms can show up as a result of kidney disease, including constipation, excessive urination, nausea, increased thirst, a grinding or cracking sound in the jaw, vomiting, dehydration, loss of appetite, halitosis, weight loss, and lethargy. If your cat starts to manifest these symptoms, bring your pet to the veterinarian so that diagnosis and immediate treatment can be started. Treatment includes changing your cat’s diet, medication and hydration therapy.
Pancreatitis in cats is a condition when the pancreas becomes inflamed, causing the digestive enzymes to escape and cause damage to the pancreas itself and the liver. It is a serious health problem because it could lead to other complications such as diabetes, hepatic lipidosis and others. Cats suffering from this condition may not be acting as they normally do. They may also experience abdominal pain and vomiting.
Tapeworms, hookworms and roundworms in cats are pretty common. Symptoms include pot-belly, weight loss, poor coat and vomiting. Worms can easily be treated, but if neglected, they could lead to serious complications.
If you have a pet cat, you ought to know what these serious diseases are so that you will be able to take precautionary measures to help your cat avoid them or to perform certain actions if it starts to manifest those symptoms.